South Asia Economic Outlook
South Asia’s GDP will grow less than the 10-year average of 5.6% in 2023. The main drags will be a tougher base effect and a weaker global economy. Growth should weaken the most in Pakistan due to the fallout from 2022’s floods, while Bangladesh and India will remain among Asia’s star performers. Social unrest and extreme weather pose risks.
South Asia Inflation
Regional inflation fell to 7.3% in April from 8.2% in March on slower price increases in Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka. On average, inflation in South Asia should cool in 2023 on a tougher base effect but will remain above the 10-year average of 5.8% due to subsidy cuts and weak currencies. Key risks include extreme weather, currency runs and further subsidy cuts.
|GDP per Capita (USD)||1,942||1,975||2,020||1,909||2,197|
|Economic Growth (GDP, ann. var. %)||6.5||6.4||4.0||-4.4||8.5|
|Private Consumption (ann. var. %)||6.1||7.2||5.1||-4.1||10.6|
|Fixed Investment (ann. var. %)||8.0||10.9||0.3||-6.1||13.0|
|Industrial Production (ann. var. %)||4.8||5.0||0.5||-6.9||11.0|
|Unemployment (% of active population, aop)||5.0||5.0||5.5||5.8||5.6|
|Fiscal Balance (% of GDP)||-3.9||-3.8||-5.2||-8.9||-6.4|
|Public Debt (% of GDP)||65.4||66.4||71.3||82.1||79.1|
|Inflation (CPI, ann. var. %, aop)||4.0||3.9||5.3||6.4||5.9|
|Policy Rate (%, eop)||5.97||6.28||5.20||4.30||4.30|
|Current Account Balance (% of GDP)||-2.1||-2.5||-1.2||0.5||-1.5|